Topic "Porn watchers think more highly of women"
03 Oct 2015 20:22
I think that we need more information about the study to see what the control group was, what the variables were, and the types of porn clips that were used. I say this because if they used ones that portrayed women in a more positive light it would influence the way the viewers perceived women.
Obviously the study wasn't conducted by guys in white coats showing test subjects porn clips and then asking them if they think the porn stars are whores... oh my god haha.
It took about 2 minutes to find the information, Nymph... With very basic researching skills.
The data for this study were drawn from the GSS (Smith et al., 2011), a large-scale, random-probability, personal interview survey that has been conducted in the United States every one to two years since 1973. Since 1975, each residence in the United States has had an equal probability of being sampled, with adults within each household also having an equal probability of being interviewed. The interviews were typically conducted face-to-face, though phone interviews were employed when participants were unable to meet in person. In an effort to reduce participant fatigue while still including a large number of questions, the GSS has contained a set of core questions that were asked of everyone surveyed, but has also contained other questions that were asked of only a portion of parti-cipants or were asked only in certain years. Since 1973, the GSS has had a reasonable response rate, ranging from 82% in 1993 to 70% in 2000. The data used in this study were collected between 1975 and 2010.
Across all of the survey years used in the current study, 10,946 American males and 14,101 American females responded to questions concerning pornography use in addition to questions concerning at least one of the following sets of measures: feminist identification; attitudes toward women in positions of power; attitudes toward women working outside the home; attitudes toward abortion; and attitudes toward the traditional family. Of the total available participants, most were married (53.94%; n¼13,511), White (82.58%; n¼ 20,683), female (56.30%; n¼14,101), politically moder-ate (38.90%;n¼9,001), Protestant (60.58%;n¼15,124), and had a mean age of 45.37 (SD¼17.59) years. Further demographic information can be found in Table 1. The actual number of participants used in each analysis differed for each dependent variable that was examined, as noted in the following section.
Pornography use was assessed by asking participants if they had viewed an X-rated film in the preceding year. Response categories were dichot-omous (Yes=No). Across the entire sample of available participants, 22.82% (n¼5,715) of participants indi-cated that they had viewed a pornographic movie within the past year. Recently published research using these data suggests that the prevalence of pornography use has increased slightly since in the 1970s, and individual-level analyses have indicated that pornography use within this data set is correlated with being younger, less religious, non-White, and holding more liberal attitudes toward sexuality within both men and women (Wright, 2013; Wright, Bae, & Funk, 2013). In recent years, the GSS has included a frequency measure of online pornography use over the past 30 days. Unfortunately, this item has not been asked of participants who responded to items about nonegalitar-ian beliefs and attitudes, precluding its use in the current study. Surveys conducted in 2000 and 2002 asked a subset of participants to respond to both metrics of pornography use. Of the participants who indicated that they hadnot viewed an X-rated film in the previous year, only 6.89% (n¼21) in 2000, and 7.14% (n¼10) in 2002, indicated that they had accessed a pornographic Web site in the previous 30 days.
Feminist identification was assessed with a single item that asked participants, ‘‘Do you think of yourself as a feminist or not?’’ Response options included Yes, a feminist; Don’t know; and No, not a feminist. To clarify the interpretation, Don’t know responses were dropped from the analysis presented in this section, as only 46 participants selected this option.3 Data were available only for survey year 1996
Women holding positions of power.
Attitudes toward women holding positions of political power were assessed with three items: ‘‘Do you agree or disagree with this statement: Women should take care of running their homes and leave running the country up to men’’; ‘‘If your party nominated a woman for president, would you vote for her if she were qualified for the job?’’; and ‘‘Tell me if you agree or disagree with this statement: Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women.’’ All items had three response options, eitherAgree=Not sure=Disagree orYes=Don’t know=No. Responses to these scales were averaged, with reverse-coding where appropriate, to form an aggregate variable that could range from 1 (indicating a positive view toward women in politics) to 3 (indicating a negative view toward women in politics) (M¼1.49; SD¼0.65; Cronbach’s a¼.70). Analyses concerning attitudes toward women holding positions of power were restricted to the survey years 1975, 1978, 1983, 1986, and 1988 through 1998
Working outside the home.
Attitudes toward women working outside the home were assessed with seven items using 5-point Likert scales that ranged from 1(Strongly agree)to5(Strongly disagree). Example items included: ‘‘All in all, family life suffers when the woman has a full-time job’’; ‘‘A woman and her family will all be happier if she goes out to work’’; and ‘‘Both the husband and the wife should contribute to the household income.’’ Responses to these seven items were reverse-coded where appropriate, and averaged to create an aggregate variable that could range from 1 (indicating a positive attitude toward women working outside the home) to 5 (indicating a negative attitude toward women working outside the home) (M¼2.85; SD¼0.70; Cronbach’s a¼.70). Analyses concerning attitudes toward women working outside thehomewererestrictedtothesurveyyears1988, 1994, and 2002
Attitudes toward abortion were assessed with three items. These items asked participants if they thought that it should be possible for a woman to obtain a legal abortion under different circumstances, including pregnancy as a result of rape, pregnancy when the woman is unmarried and does not want to marry, and abortion if the woman wants one for any reason. Response options included Yes, I don’t know, and No. Responses to these scales were averaged to create an aggregate variable that could range from 1 (indicating strong support for abortion) to 3 (indicating no support for abortion) (M¼1.90;SD¼0.76; Cronbach’sa¼.78). Analyses concerning attitudes toward abortion were restricted to the survey years 1978, 1980, 1983, 1984, and 1987 through 2010
Attitudes toward the traditional family were investigated with 10 items that assessed the extent to which participants believed the institution of the traditional family either benefited or hindered its members. To this end, participants were first provided with the following definition of the traditional family: ‘‘In many married couples, women take the main responsibility for the care of the home and children, while men take the main responsibility for supporting the family financially.’’ Participants were first asked whether men, women, children, everyone, or no one benefited from this arrangement. They were then subse-quently asked if the same five groups were hurt by this arrangement. Response options to these 10 items included Yes, I don’t know,andNo. Responses to these 10 items were averaged, using reverse-coding where appropriate, to create an aggregate variable that could range from 1 (indicating a negative attitude toward the traditional family) to 3 (indicating a positive attitude toward the traditional family) (M¼2.3; SD¼0.45; Cronbach’sa¼.71). Analyses concerning attitudes toward the traditional family were restricted to the survey year 1996
This makes me feel like this study is pretty bogus... Would you like me to find the Data Analysis method used for you too?